The 2019 European elections mapped (by winner & turnout), using the 1km² population grid from Eurostat to exclude uninhabited areas.
This is the first time I mapped the 2019 turnout by the way. Curious what people make of it.
I had made another attempt in 2018 for the previous (2014) European elections. Then as now, Belgium was the highest and Slovakia the lowest.
For those wondering about the >100% turnout, most of those municipalities are in Romania, one in Spain. The highest, at 123% is Bara, in Timiș county, Romania. There were 262 registered voters and 322 voters showed up to vote.
In Romania, if you are in a different municipality than your own, you can vote on “extra lists” (i.e. not on the local voter registry). In some rural municipalities, if enough people are from out of town, it can bump up the numbers like this.
Now because we have 7+1 groups in the European Parliament, the “winner” does not always win a majority, only a plurality. The European People’s Party (EPP) Group, the “winner”, only got 21% of the vote.
Trying to distinguish between “majority wins” and “plurality wins” is worth exploring, but I’m not sure this version below is as readable as the original map. Still, a distinction worth keeping in mind when people talk about “winners” in the EU elections.
I also decided to make a map with just the areas where an EP group won 50% or more of the vote, to highlight it.