This is my personal tribute to “Face of a Nation“, Güney Soykan’s wonderful art/dataviz project. The nation I added to his series is the European Union, seen through the faces of its Commission Presidents.
I took the liberty of going back a few more years, and I changed the square layout to a slight rectangle.
Image updated 7/10/2017.
Some etymology maps with the names of the main EU institutions. Obviously the “European” part of the name is left out.
1. The Council(s)
The most heterogeneous of the 3, there are three main etymologies spread across the continent: the Latin “Concilium”, the Germanic “Rad” and the Slavic “Savet” (which is indeed related to ‘Soviet’) with a few other interesting words dotting the map.
Although in most languages the European Council and the Council of the European Union are called the same thing, there are a handful of languages where the name of the two institutions differ, namely Estonian, Bosnian and Azerbaijani.
2. The Commission
Much less diverse than the Council, we find, as often is the case in these maps, that Icelandic, Hungarian, Armenian, Basque and Greek do not fall in line with the majority. Interestingly enough, the Breton word for the Commission is related etymologically with the Welsh word for the European Council.
3. The Parliament
An even more conformist situation than above, here even Hungarian and Basque use the dominant word of “Parliament”. It’s worth pointing out that often the national legislatures have a much higher diversity of names.
Made in Inkscape. Base map from Wikimedia Commons. Data mostly from Wiktionary and Wikipedia.
For more such maps, visit /r/etymologymaps on reddit.