The European VOTE on the Political Compass in 2019

Profile of each municipality or constituency according to the infamous political compass, going by the 2019 European election results.

The score is the weighted average of the Economic (“LR_Econ”) and Social (“GALTAN”)score from the 2019 Chapel Hill Expert Survey of each party that ran in a municipality, weighted by the result of said party in that municipality. This allows us to calculate how economically liberal/protectionist and socially conservative/liberal the vote was in a municipality or constituency with some degree of accuracy. From the survey:

LR_Econ = position of the party in 2019 in terms of its ideological stance on economic issues. Parties can be classified in terms of their stance on economic issues such as privatization, taxes, regulation, government spending, and the welfare state. Parties on the economic left want government to play an active role in the economy. Parties on the economic right want a reduced role for government.

GALTAN = position of the party in 2019 in terms of their views on social and cultural values. “Libertarian” or “postmaterialist” parties favor expanded personal freedoms, for example, abortion rights, divorce, and same-sex marriage. “Traditional” or “authoritarian” parties reject these ideas in favor of order, tradition, and stability, believing that the government should be a firm moral authority on social and cultural issues.

What we see is a socially liberal north-west versus a largely conservative East:

When broken down by country we see the following patterns:

  • Distribution in the West seems to be along the right-upper to left-lower axis (i.e. socially conservative and economically liberal vs. socially liberal and economically protectionist) while in the East the distribution seems to be left-upper to right-lower (socially conservative and economically protectionist vs. socially and economically liberal)
  • Belgium is cursed to be forever internally divided
  • Malta & Northern Ireland are slight outliers

Below is an animated 3D scatterplot with the same two dimensions as before for the base, plus “EU sentiment” on the Z axis.

The scatterplots (including the animation) were made in Matplotlib with some extra text and graphics added in Inkscape.

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